## ⓘ Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener was an American theoretical and applied mathematician. He was a child prodigy. His father was a teacher of languages.

Wiener founded cybernetics, the science of control and communication in animals and machines. It is a field that uses the notion of feedback, and is important for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, philosophy, and the organization of society. The name of the science comes from his book, Cybernetics: Or the Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine 1948.

"Information is information, not matter or energy". – Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics 1948, 155

Wiener was born in Columbia, Missouri. He died in Stockholm, Sweden.

## 1. Books by Norbert Wiener

- 1958: Nonlinear problems in random theory. MIT Press & Wiley.
- 1956: I am a mathematician. Gollancz, London. Autobiography.
- 1950: The human use of human beings: cybernetics and society. Houghton Mifflin, New York.
- 1953: Ex-prodigy: my childhood and youth. Autobiography of his younger years
- 1942: Extrapolation, interpolation and smoothing of stationary time series. A war-time classified report nicknamed "the yellow peril" because of the color of the cover and the difficulty of the subject. Published postwar 1949 MIT Press.
- 1948: Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine. Wiley, New York 1948. 2nd revised ed. 1961. ISBN 9780262730099
- 1994: Invention: the care and feeding of ideas. MIT Press.
- 1966: God & Golem, Inc.: a comment on certain points where cybernetics impinges on religion. MIT Press.
- 1976-84: The mathematical work of Norbert Wiener. Masani P ed 4 vols, Camb. Mass. MIT Press. This contains a complete collection of Wieners mathematical papers with commentaries.
- 1966: Generalized harmonic analysis and Tauberian theorems. MIT Press.
- 1959: The Tempter. Random House. Fiction.
- 1933: The Fourier Integral and certain of its applications. Cambridge Univ. Press; reprint by Dover.
- 1964: Selected papers of Norbert Wiener. Cambridge Mass. MIT Press & SIAM.
- 1966: Norbert Wiener 1894–1964. Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 72 1. Also published in book form.